in a region rich in history, Bharatpur is abound with the old forts and
palaces of the Jat kings. Bharatpur is renowned for its world heritage
listed bird sanctuary, the Keoladeo Ghana National Park. Once an
unprocurable well fortified city, carved out of the region formerly known as
Mewar, it is the Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan. It was founded by Maharaja
Suraj Mal in 1733 AD. The Northern Border of the district touches district
Gurgaon of the state of Haryana.
Located on the national highway that connects Agra to Jaipur, it lies in
the state of Rajasthan, and is a 55km journey from Agra. Bharatpur is easily
accessible from major cities in North India.
During summers from April to June, the temperature ranges from 38°C to
45°C. In winter season, after Christmas, temperatures starts falling
below 10°C. The place can be visited all round the year.
Keoladeo National Park -
Far from the madding crowd of
Bharatpur, lies the Koeladeo Park, considered to be one of the world's
outstanding heronries. Covering an area of just 12 square miles, it is an
interlocking ecosystem of woodlands, swamps, wet prairies and dry savannah
and was earlier the hunting ground for the Rajas of Bharatpur. The Park
houses over 370 varieties of birds, of which more than 115 species are
migrants flying in from Central Asia, Siberia and Western China during the
winter months. Within such a small radius, perhaps no other bird sanctuary
in the world has so many variant species giving its visitors a unique bird
Migratory birds from Afghanistan, Central Asia and Tibet as well as
Siberian cranes from the Arctic, Greyleg geese from Siberia and barheaded
geese from China, come here in July/Aug to spend the winters in the warm
Lohargarh Fort -
The fort was constructed primarily by
Maharaja Suraj Mall to withstand the attacks of the British powers during
the 18th century. The fort encloses three palaces within its precincts -
Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas. The most astounding fact about the
fort is that it was never seized despite several attacks by the Britishers.
Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj Towers -
Two imposing towers
still stand erect within the ramparts of the Lohargarh fort out of a total
of eight in numbers. Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj are of special interest to
the peoples having brave hearts, for these towers were built by Maharaja
Suraj Mal as a sign to commemorate his victories over the Mughals and
British. Earlier, the coronation ceremony of the Jat rulers of Bharatpur
used to be held at Jawahar Burj tower.
Bharatpur Palace -
The marvellous Bharatpur Palace
houses a rich repository of a large number of ancient exhibits that date
back to the early 15th century, and still stands guard to the remnants of
the royal past. It is a magnificent structure with a perfect blend of Mughal
and Rajput architecture .
Gopal Bhawan -
This beautifully designed building
complex of the 1760's, with exquisitely laid gardens at its entrance and the
rear, overlooks the Gopal Sagar. The bhawan is flanked by smaller pavilions,
Sawan and Bhadon to its sides. The front gardens face a raised terrace with
an arch of lustrous marble installed on a pedestal in the form of swing.
This decorated swing is a war trophy brought in by the famous Jat King Raja
Suraj Mal from the Mughal court in Delhi.
Deeg - Deeg, with its exquisite complex of recreation palaces, lies 22
miles north of Bharatpur. Created by Raja Badan Singh with additions by Raja
Surajmal in 18th century this was an idyllic refuge from the battles which
the erstwhile rulers constantly waged. Once the summer resort of the rulers
of Bharatpur, it served as the second capital of the region. Developed with
grand fortification amidst beautiful gardens this place is a real pleasure.
The scintillating fountains and meticulously planned palaces add to the
beauty of this retreat of the princes of Bharatpur.