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Taj Mahal
India Tour Package » Must See » Agra Tourist Places
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Agra Tourist Places

Taj MahalLocation
Agra well known all over the world as the "City of the Taj Mahal" is a historical part of the state of Uttar Pradesh, lying in the great northern plains. Situated on the bank of the river Yamuna , Agra is 204kms far to the south of New Dehi.

Climate of Agra
Agra is a place of topical climate, Summers are extremely hot and humid. Maximum temperature rises to about 45°centrigrade, while winters are foggy and cold. Heavy rains mark the monsoon season. Winter is the best season to visit Agra.

About Agra
The dream destination Agra was founded by Sikandar Lodhi belonging to the Lodhi dynasty in the 16th century. But it was the Mughals who catapulated Agra to a great historical place by making it their capital and building a few splendid architectural masterpieces, of which the Taj Mahal occupies the pride of India.

Agra , holds on its lap some of the finest monuments of the mughal period including the magnificent Taj Mahal, where lies the tomb of Mumtaj Mahal and Emperor Shah Jahan. The area to the south of the Taj , is known as Taj Ganj popular for Agra's hotels. The city is famous for its carpets, gold thread embroidery, and leather shoes.
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Major Tourist Attractions
Taj Mahal - The love of Emperor Shah Jahan for his wife was the greatest inspiration for the breathtaking extravaganza of the monument built in memory of the queen and epitomised in stone for ever. The beautifully laid out gardens holding out to the Taj Mahal a thousand feet away and modelled on the persian Char Bagh is beyond imagination.

The Taj stands on a raised platform, on the entrance are two set of stairs, one leading to the sarcophagus and the other to cenotaph counterparts. Rising on all four sides are minarets and in the center lies the magnificent dome over the central hall. The square edifice represents the material universe while the dome symbolise the vault of heaven. Inside the vault a gem - encrusted with balustrade are 99 names of Allah inscribed within. Precious stones of lapis lazuli, agate, coral, onyx are embedded on the walls of the Taj, the art of which is commonly known as "Pietra dura."
Red Fort, Agra
Agra Fort - This majestic citadel is another tourist attraction built by Akbar with red sandstones in the year 1654. The Agra Fort worked as a military strategic point as well as the Royal residence of the king. The fort is cresent shaped, flattened on the east with a long nearly straight wall facing the river. The fort contains mazes of buildings which forms a city within a city.with two gates known as Delhi Gate and the Amar Singh Gate. Many palaces were later added by the next generations of rulers like Jahangir and Shah Jahan.. The buildings have a structure predominantly conforming to the Islamic style.

Jama Masjid - Built by Shah Jahan in the name of his daughter at Sikri in 1571, the shape of it is like a dome, giving it a distinguish character. One of the largest Mosque in India flanked to its sides by the Zenena Rauza and the Jammat Khanna hall , it is a sacred place of worship . Ornamented with geometric interior patterns, colored tiles and calligraphic inscriptions, the walls of the Mosque are splendid examples of the Mughal architectural design. The massive central courtyard at the Jama Masjid, serves as a place for prayer and meditation for the Muslims over the centuries.

Sheesh Mahal - Just opposite the Mussaman Burj and below the Diwan -i-Khas hall to the nothern end of the Khas Mahal courtyard is the Sheesh Mahal or better known as The Glass Palace. Believed to have been the royal dressing room with glass mosaic decorations, the Mahal comprises two large halls connected to the center space.

Akbars Tomb in Sikandra - Akbar's tomb in Sikandra is built in a pyramidal shape, with an open terrace covered with carved latticework screens. The actual grave is in the basement and is decorated with paintings in colorful golden, green and blue hues on the stucco walls. While the tomb is not magnificent in the manner of the Taj Mahal, it has a quiet dignity that befits this royal emperor. Out side the gateway, deers can be seen and the place is a lovely retreat to spend sometime enjoying the peaceful nature.

Nearby Attractions
Mathura-Vrindavan - Mathura, a holy place to the Hindus is the birth place of Lord Krishna and just 45kms away from Agra. The temples dedicated to the Lord Krishna surrounds the place, and the major tourist attractions are namely Dwarkadheesh Temple, Potara-Kund, Kans Qila, Sati Burj and Vishram Ghat. People especially Hindus come in large numbers to see the birth place of their biggest deity. Vrindavan, also plays a flashback to the childhood tales of Lord Krishna. Holi, the festival of colors is celeberated with great pomp and granduer.
Panch Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri - Fatehpur Sikri built in 16th century by Akbar, speaks of the architectural magnificence of the Mughal rulers. The one thing that strikes tourists on entering Fatehpur Sikri are the magnificent buildings in red sandstone. Built between 1571 and 1585, the place is at a distance of 37 kms from Agra, and a place worth seeing. Planned as the capital city, Akbar had to give up his likeness for the place due to shortage of water. One can find the best culmination of Hindu and Muslim architecture, and said to be a copy of the Mosque in Mecca. Its a complete fortress of red sandstone, with vast central squares, exquisitely carved multi-tiered pavilions, cool terraces and large gardens.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary - Located in the Bharatpur city of Rajasthan and lying between two of India's most historic cities, Agra (55kms) and Jaipur, the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is today the "paradise" for the avian lovers. The Park is famous for the last visiting Siberian cranes. With paved -lane walkways, cycle tracks artificially built, a noticeable numbers of bird species upto 150 on a particular day can be glimpsed. Visitors are overwhelmed by the sheer number of Waterfowls and Waders, that congregate on the marshy lake.

Buland Darwaza - The Buland Darwaza is the grand gateway to the Jama Masjid Mosque, located in Fatehpur Sikri near Agra. This triumphal arch was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar, when he defeated the king of Khandesh of Gujarat in the year 1573.

The name Buland Darwaza means 'High Door' and this victory arch rises to a height of 40 meters or 175 feet. It is the most striking monument built in red sandstone and decorated with white marbles and inscriptions encrypted from the Quoran gives it an impressive sight.

How to Reach
By Air - The airport of Agra (Kheria Airport) is located on the outskirts of the city. Regular flights are available from major destinations of India. The nearest international airport at New Delhi is at a distance of 204kms.
By Rail - Agra has a very good railway connectivity. Regular trains are available to Agra Cantonment, the main railway station of the city from Delhi and other destinations. Tourists can also explore the option of coming to Agra in luxury trains like Palace on Wheels (check the schedule beforehand).
By Road - Agra is well connected to Delhi and the rest of Uttar Pradesh through an excellent road network. Regular buses are available to Agra from most destinations of North India.

Accommodation in Agra
» Jaypee Palace
» Taj View
» Mughal Sheraton
» The Trident
» Amar Vilas
» Howard Park Plaza
» Mansingh Palace
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