an area of 1330.10 sq km between river Hooghly and river Teulia, Sundarban
National Park is an archipelago of 54 islands covered with dense forests. It
is situated on the lower end of the Gangetic West Bengal with a larger
portion falling in Bangladesh. Sunderbans is the world's largest delta and
Mangrove Swamp formed by the intermingling of three rivers - the
Brahmaputra, the Ganges, and the Meghna. The Park constitutes 80% of India's
total mangrove swamps. It is also the world's largest estuarine and Tiger
reserves housing around 270 Royal Bengal Tigers
The park owes its name to the "Sundari trees" which are unique to
this area. The park was declared a national park in the year 1984, and in
the year 1997, it was awarded the status of UNESCO World Heritage Site..
Wild life Attractions
The landscape of the park is dominated by great
tidal creeks and rivulets. Crab like red flowers of the Kankara and the
yellow blooms of khasi flowers blossoms in the deep forest. The Tall Goran
trees cover the entire region. In April the red leaves of the Genwa lightens
up the island. Dhundal, Passur, Garjan adds to the mystic beauty of the
The Tigers are fiercely dangerous and are known
to be Man -Eaters. Chittals or spotted Deers, Fishing Cats, Wild boars,
Otters, Rhesus Monkey, etc. are found in the park. The aqua fauna includes
the Red fiddle Crabs, Ridley Sea Turtle and Estuarine Terrapins. Reptiles
including the King Cobra, Rock python and Water Monitor are seen
abundantly.The Sajnekhali visitor's center has a crocodile enclosure, a
Shark Pond and a Turtle Hatchery.
The sight of the Brown-winged kingfisher, a grey
headed Lapwing, White Bellied Eagle, Herons, the Palash Fish Eagle or a
Mangrove Whistler add to the excitement of tourists visiting the park. The
Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary also falls in the territory of the Park.
Armed policemen accompany the visitors around the park as it is thick and
densely populated. Special permits to visit the park is essential and can be
obtained from the forest department of West Bengal. The best way to visit
Sunderbans is through conducted tours with carrier vessels available from
Canning, Gosaba or Basanti. Boat views of the Park is also available along
with watch points at selected sites to spot the wilds.
The best time to visit Sunderbans is in winters, between the month of
September and March. In the winters The mighty Royal Bengal can be seen
sun-bathing and swimming on the bank of the riverside. Due to its proximity
to the Bay of Bengal, Sunderbans experiences very high humidity. Maximum
temperature in summers is 42°C and minimum temperature in winters falls
to about 9.2°C.
Basic accomodation are available at the Sajnekhali Tourist Lodge, resorts
at Gosaba and Bali Island. The lodges are built on pillartops to keep away
the Man-Eaters. Double rooms as well as dormitories are available. Besides,
resorts are also available near Piyali and Bakkhali. Visitors often arrange
their own accomodation to make their visit more adventuresome. The Chital
Lodge at Sajnekhali provides an accomodation of 60 beds along with dining
facilities enhancing the taste buds.
How to Reach Sundarbans National Park
By Air -
Kolkata is the nearest airport at a distance of
112-kms from the Sundarbans National Park and well connected to the rest of
By Rail -
The nearest railway station is in Port
Canning, Which is 48-kms away from the Sunderbans National Park. From Port
Canning, regular buses ply to Sonakhali, Raidighi, Najat and Namkhana from
where launches are available to the Park.
By Road -
The excellent road network of buses connects
Namkhana to Kolkata, Sonakhali (100-kms), Raidighi (76-kms), Canning
(64-kms), and Najat (92-kms), all lying nearby the Sunderbans.